Mach's principle is a conjecture that was popular among physicists in the early 1900s, and which still sees occasional interest today. The principle states that large accelerating masses induce a local inertial reference frame around them. This paper introduces the principle and its history, and discusses its influence on later theories, like Maxwellian theories of gravity and general relativity.
Moonan Walbran, Joseph
"Mach's Principle: Why Are Some Reference Frames Inertial, And Others Not?,"
Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota, Morris Undergraduate Journal: Vol. 9:
2, Article 9.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.morris.umn.edu/horizons/vol9/iss2/9