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Marcia’s ethnic identity status model (MEIM) emphasizes an independent process of identity formation where adolescents choose a differing identity from influencing authorities, similar to changing religions from what one’s parents believe to another. Phinney & Baldelomar (2011) modified this approach to balance individualistic and collectivistic identity outcomes. This modified approach uses the AMIS (Adaptive Measure of Identity Statuses), which classifies participants into statuses including two types of identity achievements: interdependent/collectivistic and independent/individualistic identity outcomes. The AMIS is a self-guided questionnaire that provides follow-up questions based on past answers. We examined the validity of the AMIS against the MEIM’s scores on identity commitment and exploration (the two components of identity formation). Online versions of the AMIS and MEIM were given to 316 undergraduates. Our hypotheses were supported: the two measures of identity converged well, and interdependent ethnic identity dominated the categories.

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Identity (Philosophical concept); Ethnicity; College students--Ethnic identity


Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies | Race and Ethnicity

An Examination of Two Types of Identity Achievement