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Fungicide resistance


We have isolated several mutants of Schizophyllum commune Fr. able to grow on media containing cycloheximide in concentrations up to 30 mg/L. Genetic analyses of the resistant phenotypes show them to be due to the action of a single gene located on the first linkage group between the A-mating type factor and a gene for an adenine requirement (ade-ll). We have analyzed the growth and development of dikaryons made homoallelic for either the resistant or sensitive alleles as well as the heteroallelic dikaryon. These dikaryons showed different abilities to fruit when placed on media containing various concentrations of cycloheximide. Homoallelic sensitive strains failed to grow on any concentration of cycloheximide tested(> 1 mg/L). Homoallelic resistant strains grew and fruited on all concentrations of cycloheximide up to 30 mg/ L. Heteroallelic dikaryons showed a response that was dose-dependent for fruiting, but not growth. As the concentration of cycloheximide was increased, these heteroallelic colonies showed a progressive loss of ability to form fruiting bodies and at concentrations greater than 30 mg/L, they gave rise to homokaryons as outgrowths from the colony edge. These homokaryons were all of the nuclear genotype associated with the original resistant component of the dikaryon.

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