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Education, Elementary--Government policy; Education, Secondary--Government policy; Government aid to education


This discussion of the political climate in which elementary and secondary education is funded in Minnesota begins with the Minnesota Miracle of 1971. In each successive legislative session some adjustments have been made in this formula. In this paper we describe the various lobbying groups that try to affect education legislation. We also discuss the role played by the governor, key legislators, legislative and Department of Education staff, the State Board of Education, and the commissioner of education in educational policy formation. In conclusion, we summarize major formula changes since 1971 and review the many education-related issues before the legislature during the 1985 session. We conclude that major public education decisions are ultimately made by a few key legislators and legislative staff, although input is provided by many groups.

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