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Plants; Endemic plants; Botanical surveys


ABSTRACT - Certain aspects of the ecology and floristics of Knife Island, Minnesota, a small gull rookery on the north shore of Lake Superior, were studied. 63 species of vascular plants, and 23 species of Bryophytes were collected, including one newly recorded in this state. Very high levels of soil organic matter, phosphate, and potassium were present, and low pH levels (ranging from 3.6 to 4.2) were found. These levels appear to reflect the intensive use of the island by the herring gulls. It is concluded that the major factor controlling the development of the flora and vegetation of Knife Island is the herring gull population.

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