Article Title

Pollution and Evolution

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Evolution (Biology)--Effect of environment on; Animals--Effect of pollution on


Three examples, industrial melanism in moths, insecticide resistance in insects, and myxomatosis in Australian rabbits, are used to illustrate the concept that evolution may result from tampering with the physical or biotic environment of a species. Hence, concern about the effects of pollution must encompass not only the possibility of extinction but the possibility of evolution. In the case of harmful species, biological or chemical control measures may result in populations more refractory to control than the original untreated populations.

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