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Nutritional anthropology; Children--Nutrition


Comparative analysis of the nutritional status of white and Indian children living in an "economically distressed" area in Northern Minnesota was carried out by assessment of skeletal, fat, and muscle development and by dietary records from a limited sample of the subjects. Diets of the two groups were found to be roughly equivalent in caloric, protein, fat, and carbohydrate content; and the average heights and weights were generally similar. Yet the white children were on the whole fatter and had either equivalent or greater muscle development than the Indian children while the Indians tended to have more robust skeletons. Though physical activity levels were not assessed, the nature of variations detected in body composition suggests a genetic basis for the differences.

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