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Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota, Morris Undergraduate Journal

Abstract

One of the major obstacles faced by the queer and trans community is the poorer mental health outcomes this group tends to have. There is a disparity in mental health between people who are part of gender and sexual minority groups, and those who are not, meaning that gender and sexual minorities tend to have poorer mental health outcomes and higher incidences of mental health symptoms than people outside of that community. Due to the connection between mental health, marginalization, and stigma in society, this disparity may weigh more heavily on people whose identities are especially marginalized, such as bisexuals, asexuals, trans people in general, and non-binary trans people even more so. It is difficult to determine how exactly mental health disparities impact people with these identities because of the lack of psychological literature about these groups. Further, gender and sexual identities are complex and fluid, and therefore can be hard to define, and although people with some identities tend to experience more stigma than others, whether this correlation can be attributed to the identity itself or to other factors is undetermined. The lack of representation of gender and sexual minorities in literature demonstrates that these marginalized groups are historically ignored in research as well as in broader society.

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