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Well-maintained and properly functioning wastewater systems are critical infrastructure because they protect public health and make local economic development possible in small communities. Such systems, however, can also be expensive and difficult for small communities to keep up with. The purpose of this study was to assess regulatory, structural, operational, and affordability challenges associated with municipal wastewater infrastructure in small Minnesota communities. The findings of this study are based on data from three major sources: 1) a survey of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) operators, 2) the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency’s Water Infrastructure Needs Survey (MPCA WINS), and 3) the 2011-2015 American Community Survey (U.S. Census Bureau).
Center for Small Towns
wastewater treatment and reuse, sewage disposal plants, small cities, municipal water supply, surveys
Asche, Kelly; Brands, Ed; Johnson, Zach; and Vetsch, Tayler, "Wastewater Challenges in Small Minnesota Communities: Wastewater Treatment Operator Survey Results and Affordability Analysis" (2017). Center for Small Towns. 80.